Monday, May 25, 2020
Public Schools v. Single- Sex Schools Did you ever think about the people that your children are surrounded by throughout the school day? If they are bullied, left alone or fit in? Did you ever consider putting them in a different school? Education is very important. Some of the reasons education is important are quite simple. Education is to better a person s self knowledge needed later in life. We start education at such a young age because children have a different level of common knowledge. Students learn at different paces. Some children are smart when they are little and they know how to say their ABCÃ¢â¬â¢s, know how to add and subtract and know how to write their name. Other children struggle with even knowing how to holdÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Schooling and education as a whole, whether public or single-sex, is very important. However, there has always been a struggle between single-sex schools and public schools. Public schools started in 1821. The first public school started in Boston, Ma ssachusetts at the end of the 19th century. Before that, single-sex schools were very common. From then on, there has been fights between different people arguing whether children should go to public schools or single-sex schools. Children should go to public schools. They should only go to public schools because they need interaction with different peers, learn how to deal with real world problems and learn the differences between boys and girls. One of the main reasons children should go to public schools is because they need to interact with different peers. During school, girls and boys were thought to be equal (Single, A). However, that was not always the case. Boys were cared for more than girls were, until Title IX stepped in. Title IX is the revision of a landmark 1970s law to make sure equal access to education for girls was given (Single, A) . After that law was passed in 1972, there were limiting single-sex schools and both genders were looked after equally (Single, A). Ã¢â¬Å"The people on the feminist- leaning side of the debate see the conversation about a boysÃ¢â¬â¢ crisis as a strategy to advance the single-sex education agenda. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure that is correct. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think the kind of data
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
During the span of thirty years from 1865 to 1895 blacks that lived within this time frame went through arguably the most profound series of events to occur in African American history. Southern blacks were faced with prejudice, bondage, slavery, and ultimately survival. Shortly after the thirteenth amendment was ratified, stating that: Ã¢â¬Å"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.Ã¢â¬ The southern governments enacted a series of Black Codes that were purposefully meant to keep blacks Ã¢â¬Å"as near to a state of bondage as possible.Ã¢â¬ Blacks could not bear arms, be employed inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In other words, it put teeth in the Thirteenth Amendment.Ã¢â¬ By Congress passing the Civil Rights Act by a two-thirds majority over President JohnsonÃ¢â¬â¢s veto, it was the first time in American history that legislation became law over the president. This was a victory politically and socially for the blacks in America. Even though whites in the north were sympathetic towards abolishing slavery, they still did not want blacks to take part in the northern schools or neighborhoods. Also the idea of blacks being able to vote was still far and few between. During the next year in June 1866 Congress submitted yet another amendment to the constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to Ã¢â¬Å"All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.Ã¢â¬ This solidified the blackÃ¢â¬â¢s right to citizenship on a political scale, yet they still did not have the right to vote. The Amendment did not reduce segregation or stop most southern states from continuing to persecute the black population but it did give passageway for the Reconstruction Acts to take place. These acts forced the southern states to be split into military districts until they complied with Congress. African Americans that were living during this time were in the middle an immense struggle of power between theShow MoreRelatedTreatment of African Americans: 1865-18951334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDuring the span of thirty years from 1865 to 1895 blacks that lived within this time frame went through arguably the most profound series of events to occur in African American history. Southern blacks were faced with prejudice, bondage, slavery, and ultimately survival. Shortly after the thirteenth amendment was ratified, stating that: Ã¢â¬Å"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United StatesRead MoreCollective Memory : The Political Nature And Consequences Of Erasure1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesaction and neglect in regards to the rights of African Americans after Reconstruction. The mythos surrounding the warÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose and outcome, actively and deliberately altered by differ ing organizations, people, and groups, changed the political response to the treatment of African Americans. As noted by the historian Jay Winter, Ã¢â¬Å"Nations do not remember, groups of people do. Their work is singular and never fixed.Ã¢â¬ After the abolition of slavery in 1865, there was no inevitable outcome that would leadRead MorePresident Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglas, and Susan B. Anthony1415 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesironing out, equality in education, voting rights, and land ownership were established for blacks. Many historical figures defended the rights of those marginalized. Among them President Abraham Lincoln, who instituted the abolition of slavery in 1865 and set the basis for reconstruction in 1862, Frederick Douglas, a former slave who spoke for slaves freedom and after emancipation, for the rights of the newly freed, and Susan B. Anthony, a Quaker abolitionist, whom together with others startedRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Perkins Gilman15 47 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCharlotte Perkins Gilman s career as a leading feminists and social activist translated into her writing as did her personal life. Gilman s treatment for her severe depression and feelings of confinement in her marriage were paralleled by the narrator in her shorty story, The Yellow Wallpaper. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in 1860 in Hartford, Connecticut. Her parents, Mary Fitch Perkins and Fredrick Beecher Perkins, divorced in 1869. Her dad, a distinguished librarian and magazine editorRead MoreHistory And The American Civil War Essay1927 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn the history of the United States, African Americans have always been discriminated against. When Africans first came to America, they were taken against their will and forced to work as laborers. They became slaves to the rich, greedy, lazy Americans. They were given no pay and often badly whipped and beaten. African Americans fought for their freedom, and up until the Civil War it was never given to them. When the Civil War began, they wanted to take part in fighting to free all slaves. TheirRead MoreBiography of a Runaway Slave3421 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesCaribbean islands and the Latin American mainland written by Africans or their descendants that describe their life under enslavement. In Brazil, two mula tto abolitionists wrote sketchy descriptions of their personal experiences, and one autobiography of a black man was published before emancipation. In contrast, several thousand slave narratives and eight full-length autobiographies were published in the United States before the outbreak of the Civil War (1860-1865) (Conrad, p. xix). In Cuba, oneRead MoreLangston Hughes and Countee Cullen: Perspective on Religion4176 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesAmerican Literature II Authors: Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen: Perspective on Religion Susan Glaspell and Charlotte Gilman: Roles of Women W.E.B Du Bois and Booker T Washington: Political View In the 1920s, the somewhat genteel world of American poetry was shaken to its foundations when the Harlem Renaissance started. During those times, all over the United States, thereRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution Essay1953 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Industrial Revolution during the 18th century was a turning point in American history. Despite the fact that newly-invented technology improved living conditions for many Americans and brought convenience and efficiency through the new transport system, this movement also changed the family structure. Men became the bread-winners of the family, while women were required to stay at home to take care of the children. The young women who used to work had to quit after marriage though they couldRead MoreCompare Malcom X David Walker and Booker T2406 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pageswhose ideas appealed to a completely different audience. The Civil Right Movement is the Africans- Americans movement that dominated the debates in the United Stated political sphere during the period of (1955-1968). The movement was about the fight against inequality, Americans struggles for social justice, and the racial discriminations. In order to reach their objectives, Africans Americans leaders had displayed many different ideas about how to conduct the movement. Some believed thatRead MoreEssay about Frederick Douglass Influence on the Anti-Slavery Movement3542 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesabolitionist movement were opposed to African colonization schemes, believing that the United States was the true home of black Americans. In March 1839 some of Douglasss anticolonization statements were published in the Liberator. In August 1841 at an abolitionist meeting in New Bedford, Douglass saw William Lloyd Garrison, for the first time. A few days later Douglass spoke before a crowd attending the annual meeting of the Massachusetts branch of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Garrison
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Defining the world Ã¢â¬ËreligionÃ¢â¬â¢ is not an easy process, fraught with difficulties. Throughout the ages, many attempts have been made. Often timeÃ¢â¬â¢s people tend to focus on a very narrow definition that matches the personÃ¢â¬â¢s own beliefs but not others. One of the reasons itÃ¢â¬â¢s notoriously difficult to define because it crosses so many different boundaries in human experience. According to the Miriam Webster dictionary, religion could be identified as Ã¢â¬Ëa set of ideas concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairsÃ¢â¬â¢ . Some see religion as a belief, while some understand it as the interaction of belief, behaviorÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Despite the disadvantages and challenges mentioned above JT said he could not see himself living anywhere else. His dad is the reason why he lives here in NYC. His father was a diplomat who worked for the United Nations. He gained diplomatic immunity and brought JonathanÃ¢â¬â¢s mother to the States from Indonesia. His father passed away from pancreatic cancer a year ago. JT was born and raised in a Christian-Protestant home. His churchÃ¢â¬â¢s main belief is that God created our world and that Jesus died on the cross to save our sins. He also accepts the fact that everything happens as a part of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s plan. Ã¢â¬ËThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a reason why devastating events happen in our personal lives; when my father passed away I believed God took his soul away at that certain point of his life so that he can live a happier life in heaven without physically and emotionally suffering here on EarthÃ¢â¬â¢. Even though it only happened over a year ago he seems very at peace with the whole situation. Through his own theodicy he justifies GodÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and praises his goodness even if it meant dealing with being separated from the person he loved the most Ã¢â¬â his dad. Growing up, his family would attend church service every Sunday morning as well as prayer and fellowship gatherings at his family houses. Just when he was a child he was taught by his parents, aunts and uncles to believe that God exists and how through salvation and faith the souls of those who believeShow MoreRelatedAnalyzing Black Liberation Theology, Latin American Liberation Theology, and Feminist Theology1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand social: second, it says that theology must grow from the basic Christian communities and not from above. Liberation theology examines the theological meaning of human activities, which includes an explanation of the Christian faith out of suffering, struggle and hopes for the poor, critiques the society and its ideologies that sustaining its existence. In addition, it also reflects on the activities of the church from a perspective of the poor. Liberation lies at three levels of meaning which haveRead MoreChristian Theology And Feminist Theology1699 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIf one were to ask ten modern day theologians to define the word Ã¢â¬Å"theology,Ã¢â¬ it is likely that they would hear ten different answers. Even within the various types of theology, for example, Christian theology, there are a wide spectrum of attitudes and beliefs. Even more so, if one were to compare evangelical theology with feminist theology, the differences would add up quickly. Two modern day theologians, Stanley Grenz and Catherine Keller, well known in their respective fields, have approachedRead MoreEth 125 Quiz2636 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesresistance __B__7 Which sociological perspective would maintain that racist beliefs discourage subordinate groups from attempting to question their lowly status? a. Conflict perspective b. Functionalist perspective c. Labeling approach d. institutionalist perspective __C__8 Which sociological perspective points out that stereotypes, when applied by people in power, can have very negative consequences for people or groups identified falsely? a. Conflict perspective b. FunctionalistRead MoreSocial Theories Are A Product Of Their Time1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswas based on social conflict which looked at the differences between the capitalist and proletariats (rich and poor), Max WeberÃ¢â¬â¢s theory was based on action theory which analysed the ideal types of rationality and highlighted the ways different religions viewed the world and Emilie Durkheim who focused on the individuals who compose society and theorised that traditional societies are characterised by mechanical solidarity (Macionis Plummer, 2012) which is the social integration of members of societyRead MoreReligion Is A Set Of Beliefs Regarding The Cause, Nature, And The Rulers Of The World Essay2220 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAs it is known, religion Ã¢â¬Å"is a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universeÃ¢â¬ and there are different perspectives that are being shared worldwide about what individuals think religion is to them (Dictionary.com, 2016). R eligion is what keeps humans believing or not, in God or goddesses that they feel are the main creators of the universe and what it consists of. Those creators are well worshipped by their followers and are believed to be almighty, powerful, righteous andRead MoreThe Impact Of Religion On Public Life2739 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesSome of the leading philosophical debates, even in developed western democracies have focused on the role of religion in public life. In some debates, the ethical dilemma is limited to the nominal use of official religion while in others it is about more substantial outcomes at stake. Governments and courts have had to tread a thin line between advancing public interest and protecting the religious freedom of individuals. In the United States, political debate has centered around issues with heavyRead MoreEssay on The Ideas of Hell and Purgatory3168 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesThe Ideas of Hell and Purgatory Hell has probably caused more personal anxiety and distress than any other Christian belief. Hell has also motivated many Christians to follow the Great Commission and attempt to convert the world to Christianity (Various Views of Hell: As seen by Conservative Christians). The word hell derives from the Pagan Norse Queen of the Underworld, Hel. When Christianity first evolved, the church taught that nearly everyone descendedRead MoreThe Influence Of Age, Religion, And Intergroup Contact6284 Words Ã |Ã 26 PagesThe Influence of Age, Religion, and Intergroup Contact on Opinions of Same-Sex Marriage INTRODUCTION The subject of same-sex Marriage has made numerous headlines in the most recent years prior to and following the legalization of the union and acknowledgement of it by the U.S. Government on June 26th 2015 (De Vogue and Diamond 2015). Within the past 5 to 10yrs there has been an increase in support for what are commonly known as LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) family rights in the UnitedRead MoreShould Homosexuals Be Allowed to Marry?2598 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesallowed to marry has been ongoing for quite a long period of time. While quite a number of viewpoints have been advanced in support of gay marriage, there are those who feel that legalizing the same would be wrong from both a moral and spiritual perspective. Currently, homosexual marriages are illegal in a majority of states. Although the debate on whether or not gay marriage should be legalized persists, I am of the opinion that legalizing the same would cause damage to both our moral and spiritualRead MoreRastafa rian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 Pages1970sÃ¢â¬âafter Bob Marleys emergence as an international viii FOREWORD star, after Selassies arrival in Jamaica, and after so much had been written about the importance of Rastafarianism. The problem was that Rasta was counter to the strong Christian structure that dominated and continues to dominate Jamaican life and was seen Ã¯ ¬ rst as heretical and misguided before its powerful social and political ideas were fully appreciated. Most important, however, was the Rastafarian insistence that Africa
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Good afternoon my name is Andrew Lloyd current CEO of the Luxor hotel Melbourne and we are here today to emphasise the importance of operating at high standards of performance and implore environmentally and socially sustainable practices, in particular the section of housekeeping. It is the Luxors aim to operate in quality service in economic growth, employment retention and environmental protection. It is out initiative to comply with all applicable environmental laws and regulations, actively improve out environmental performance and reduce our impact and create environmental education and awareness for our staff and customers. The reason the Luxor hotel Melbourne is actively going Ã¢â¬Å"greenÃ¢â¬ is for a number of reasons, the first beingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A study conducted by Bohdanowicz shows that and average hotel produces more than one kilogram of waste per guest per day and that approximately thirty percent of this waste can be reused or recycled. The first step to minimising waste management within the context of house keeping is by implementing an extensive waste management system to sort recyclables from general waste, Bohdanowicz (2005) claims that such an implementation can minimise unsorted waste from three kilograms per guest per night to half a kilogram. Another prominent example of how the Luxor Melbourne can minimise their waste output is by offering their unwanted furniture, linen and towels to charities or those who are less fortunate who would put the materials to better use and minimise operational costs. The final aspect of the Luxor Melbourne will be focusing on to create a sustainable hotel environment is its energy consumption. According to Gossling (2005 pp.426) Ã¢â¬Å"the average energy consumption per bed per night in hotels is in the order of 130 mega joulesÃ¢â¬ to facilitate energy intense facilities such as restaurants and pools. GosslingÃ¢â¬â¢s (2005) studies have determined that major hotels can emit on average 20.6kg of carbon dioxide per night, which is a staggering number in which the Luxor Melbourne hopes to diminish. The LuxorShow MoreRelatedTechnological Aspects of Eco-Innovation746 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesleads to green growth that includes cleaner production, sustainable management and also development of green products and technology. However, SMEs is constrained by lack of resources, knowledge and capability and by realizing the significance of fully exploring the potential for eco-innovation and green entrepreneurship among SMEs, the project strived to identify green business opportunities for the participating companies.(ASIEC Indonesia, 2011) 2.1.1 Cleaner Production Good Housekeeping CleanerRead MoreThe Hospitality Industry : A Broad Range Of Fields Within Service Industry Essay1632 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmonitoring assets. What is Housekeeping? House-keeping is one of the largest departments of the hotel which is responsible for creating cleanliness, maintenance and safe environment. By providing the maximum comforts to the guest, it maintains the standard of the hotel which contributes the hotel in achieving maximum profit by selling the rooms. It is also regarded as the Eye and Ear of the management from where the main revenue income is generated. . The housekeeping department, in any hotel businessRead MoreGo Green Concept in Hospitality Industry1305 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesASSIGNMENT ON Ã¢â¬Å"GO GREEN CONCEPT IN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRYÃ¢â¬ Course: Housekeeping Management Go green concept: Few years ago when climate change really started to come into focus and people began to think how to protect our mother Earth and of Ã the ways to create a sustainable hospitality industry, many hotels and resorts started Ã their green programs Ã being a first choice for many guests and travelers since last decade. Governments are also encouraging their people to go green while travelingRead MoreAnalysis of Visual Text Essay912 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCalifornia shows that kids ate 23 percent more vegetables when paired with a moderate amount of ranch dressing (Ã¢â¬Å"New Hidden Valley AdÃ¢â¬ ). This visual advertisement published in multiple target advertising markets such as the June 2008 volume of Good Housekeeping periodical targets parents, especially moms, who worry about their childrens diets, constantly struggling to get their kids to eat enough vegetables (Hidden Valley). Hidden Valley uses a common photography strategy in the advertisement known asRead MoreOpportunities For Sustainable Building Practices Consistent With Green Key Guidelines1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOpportunities in renewable energy in tourism Our initial assessment for The Birchwood Hotel down town St. Petersburg focused on examining key areas for sustainable building practices consistent with Green Key guidelines. The areas assessed were corporate environmental management, housekeeping, conference and meeting spaces, food and beverage, engineering and maintenance. Summing up the condition of each system served as a target for the property owners to make improvements for their short and long-termRead MoreIn Housekeeping by Marilynne Robinso, Categorical Confines: Societal Boundaries in Opposition of Happiness1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn Housekeeping by Marilynne Robinson, the story follows Ruth and Lucille as they pass through the care of their mother, grandmother, great-aunts, and finally their motherÃ¢â¬â¢s transient sister, Sylvie. While Ruth is generally passively accepting of the care or lack thereof that she receives from these women, no matter how unconventional, Lucille purposefully sets herself against Sylvi e. After existing outside of the boundaries that society imposes for the majority of her adult life, Sylvie is unableRead MoreTraining at Al Manshar Rotana Hotel1263 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAssistant Manager (EAM) at the hotel, I fully understand the importance and experiential value of those in executive management positions becoming familiar with the operation of this hotel in every facet, from the Engineering Department to the Housekeeping Department, and all departments in between. I look forward to learning more as time goes on, and to cooperating with each of the departments in the Al Manshar Rotana Hotel. Through my promotion to EAM I will seamlessly embrace additional responsibilitiesRead MoreHouse Keeping3357 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesManagement considers the business of keeping a place clean and in good repair to be vitally necessary for a hotel to command a fair price and get repeat business. Areas of Housekeeping responsibilities: The general public tends to think of the housekeeping as the department that makes the bed, empties the ashtrays and wastebaskets, tidies up the bathroom and leaves fresh towels. The truth of the matter is that it takes more manpower to accomplish housekeepingÃ¢â¬â¢s almost countless functions thanRead MoreEco Friendly Housekeeping3828 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesCertification ServicesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...10 8. Eco Friendly ConceptÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦11 9. First World EcotelÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.............12 10. First Ecotel In IndiaÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..13 11. Housekeeping Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦13 12. Housekeeping and Eco-FriendlyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..............15 13. Eco Friendly Amenities Products and ProcessesÃ¢â¬ ¦15 14. Eco Friendly Housekeeping Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.17 15. Eco Friendly ProductsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...18 16. Suggestions and RecommendationsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..19 17. ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...20 18. ReferenceÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Read MoreEssay On Cleaner Production948 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesassets, and human capital. Cleaner production activities include measures such as at preventing the production of waste while increasing efficiencies in the uses of energy, water, resources, and human capital. They include better administration and housekeeping, substitution of toxic and hazardous materials, process alterations, and reuse of waste items. At its heart, the idea is about the anticipation, instead of the control, of contamination. How is it used? The idea of cleaner creation addresses the
Over the recents years, there have been many arguments about the issue of gun control at the state and national level. In California, there have been a variety of enacted laws within recent years to address the issue of growing gun violence around the country and ways to prevent terrorist attacks. California s new enacted laws about gun control in the state range from abolishing certain features on weapons to restricting certain handguns or other firearms a person might buy. The legislative branch within California wrote bills including a ban on large capacity ammunition magazines and were approved by Governor Jerry Brown and the Legislature in response to a 2015 terrorist shooting in San Bernardino. The hysteria developed whenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Assault rifles are social artifacts within the community. Gun owners attach subjective means to their firearms and represents who they are. By California legislators officials to call gun owners assault rifles and its certain fea tures evil, reflects the person owning it as if he or she was evil themselves and that he or she maybe future threat to the safety of California. The new law will also require assault rifles to be registered before January 1st, 2018, or be forced to turn them into local law enforcement for destruction or removal from the State. If assault rifle owners fail register their rifles that contain evil features will result in a felony or some cases a felony wobbler. This is another aspect that makes it social policy because it not only includes the welfare of gun owners, but includes the criminal justice system. Knowing this, even more reinforces the idea that assault rifle owners are being negatively stigmatized. The reason being is the harsh sentencing of a felony towards not registering your rifle with evil features on it. When most people think of felony charges, people are most likely perceiving violent offenders like robbers, rapist, murders, and many more offenses that have a severe threat to our society. The fact that if you don t register your assault rifle you will be put into this socially negative category of not only being a felon, but beingShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Essay : Gun Control798 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPersuasive Essay Did you know that in the United States almost 100,000 people are shot or killed with a gun in one year? 10,527 people die a year in handgun related incidents in the United States. This number, by far, outweighs the number of gun related deaths in countries such as Sweden, Great Britain, and Japan, which number 13, 22, and 87, respectively. What is the reason for such drastic differences in numbers? Sweden, Great Britain, and Japan are all countries that have stricter gun controlRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1753 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPersuasive Essay Rough Draft The United States of America has a problem that is growing worse every day. American laws are not protecting its citizens from injury or death. You may think the mass shootings in America the guns used were bought illegally, but Ã¢â¬Å"since 1982, there have been at least 62 mass shooter carried out with firearms across the country, with the killings unfolding in 30 states from Massachusetts to Hawaii. Of the 139 guns possessed by the killers, more than three quarters wereRead More Persuasive Articles on Gun Control Essays607 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPersuasive Articles on Gun Control Persuading an audience can be done in several different fashions, one of which is Hugh RankÃ¢â¬â¢s Model of Persuasion. RankÃ¢â¬â¢s model states that two major strategies are used to achieve the particular goal of persuasion. These strategies are nicely set into two main schemas; the first method is to exaggerate an aspect of something, known as Ã¢â¬Å"intensify.Ã¢â¬ While the second is to discredit it, which is referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"downplay.Ã¢â¬ Al Franken, Jeffrey SnyderRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesImagine, an America where no citizen, law abiding or not, has the legal ability to own guns. Three gunmen with fully automatic rifles walk into a crowded city and begin firing. No law abiding citizen can defend themselves. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s hopeless. This future can only be prevented if Americans continue to keep the second amendment. We should keep the current gun control laws, but revise them to make them even better. Most gun own ers are responsible under the current laws, however, I think some laws need to beRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand time again. Due to recent tragedies involving firearms, the view of guns and peoples rights to own and operate firearms have been frowned upon and viewed in a bad light due to Media. News sources have cherrypicked pictures of tragedies and stories about bad instances of gun usage in order to fight for Gun Control and the suppression of Americans rights. Due to the recent Vegas shooting, the argument for Gun Control has never been more intense, and Media outlets are having a field day onRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHistorically guns havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been a national issue. It is not until relatively recently that an overwhelming amount of people have been in favor of placing stricter laws on the owning of a fire arm. The call for gun control has become more prevalent in the eyes of the government and the people; the gun laws that are also often proposed are irrational and ineffective. One could not simply ban guns, it is comparable to banning a certain genre of music; itÃ¢â¬â¢s unachievable and would be a fruitless pursuitRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescruelty to animals, and yet he was able to buy four guns legally (Rosenberg). That is the most recent example of why Americans need more gun control laws. Guns are not cool or makes you look good, they are a da ngerous piece of machinery that Americans take advantage of. The average American in the right mindset should not want to own anything more than one handgun or rifle for hunting or protecting their household. Gun control reform that limits gun ownership, enforces mandatory background checks, andRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesreason why Americans own so many guns is because of the Second Amendment, which states, Ã¢â¬Å"A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.Ã¢â¬ (Rauch) This amendment guarantees U.S. citizens the right to have firearms. Since this amendment is relatively vague, it is up for interpretation, and is often used by gun advocates to argue for lenient gun laws. Hence, gun control is a frequently discussed controversialRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstocks, which allowed the guns to fire hundreds of rounds per minute (Goldman). From this unspeakable atrocity, an abundant perspicuity is created, portraying that gun control laws are unable to prevent many violent actions, including mass shootings and other horrific events. Even a drastic increase in gun laws cannot prevent men that have irreproachable records from acting recklessly, or predict when an event such as this will happen. The thousands of homicides generated by guns per year are an especiallyRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1636 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOn an average day, 93 Americans are killed with a gun (Everytown). Beginning with the National Firearms act of 1934, gun control has been a controversial topic in American society and politics. Gun control is a set of laws aimed to limit the production, distribution, possession and modifications of fire arms utilized by civilians. Presently, the United States outlaws the selling, and ownership, of fully automatic weapons but allows the distribution of semi-automa tic weapons. Purchasing extended magazines
These prisoners would be sent to camp where they would be forced to do different kinds of work. Depending on what country you got captured by, what would happen to you would differ. This essay will focus on three of the different kinds of camps, the Germans, the Japanese, and the Allies. In Germany, before being taken away to a camp, prisoners had to pass an interrogation. Because of the Geneva Convention prisoners only had to give their name, rank, and serial number. German camps were usually rows of barracks enclosed by a barbed fence, lined with guard towers. These towers contained guards that would shoot any escaping prisoner. POWs were given two meals a day consisting of soup and bread, though this was not enough, and most had to coop with hunger. Sometimes the Red Cross would bring items such as butter, chocolate, or condensed milk. Only some of men had to work while the others had to survive from the boredom. We will write a custom essay sample on Differences Between Pow Camps or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page When weather was nice the prisoners were allowed to play a wide variety of sports and sometimes they even got to enjoy concerts put on by German bands. Out of the 140,000 Prisoners of war in Japanese camps, about one third of them died from starvation, punishment for disobedience, and disease. The POWs were treated very poorly because the Japanese did not follow the rules set in place by the Geneva Convention. The POWs were forced to work in mines, fields, shipyards and factories for twelve hours a day. If any disobedience was sensed in a prisoner, they would be beaten. The little food they were given included soy beans, seaweed, rice, and once a month, fish. Escape from Japanese camps was very rare. When somebody was caught trying to escape they would be killed in front of other prisoners. In some camps ten prisoners would be killed for every one prisoner that was caught escaping. You would be treated either poorly or nicely in allied camps, depending on whether you were captured by Soviets or by English and Americans. If sent to Russia, POWs were given little food and were forced to take aggressive classes on communist ideals. Of the 90,000 Germans captured, about only 5,000 returned from Russia, and most of them were only let out ten years after the war had ended. Prisoners in America and Britain got it much better. Never short of food, were Prisoners always well fed. Medical supplies were always available and POWs were always taken care of. Though little, Prisoners were paid for the work they did for the Allies. Thousands of them attempted to escape, but all were recaptured. There is only one known escape in North America.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Complexities faced by the Organizations in their International Business. Answer: Introduction The aim of this report is to determine the complexities faced by the organizations in their international business (Cavusgil et al. 2014). International business is the new age concept being made popular in the recent years due to the increased risk in operating in a particular market. Thus, more and more organizations are opting for international business. It is helping them in dividing their business risks in various regions and along with increasing the market share. Moreover, international business helps in gaining more identity and exposure for their products. However, there are various challenges being faced by the organizations in the international business. This is due to the reason that in the international business, various countries are having different trade policies and legislations which should be followed by the organizations. Accordingly, this report will discuss about the various aspects of the international business. Moreover, the entry mode being available to the o rganizations to enter in to a new international market will also be discussed. The forms of export and the type of intermediaries being available to the business organizations will also be analyzed in this report. Based on the findings from the operations of xxx, recommended measures will be given according to the challenges faced by them. Xxx is a prominent and leading organization catering in the fast moving consumer goods category (Thain and Bradley 2014). They are mainly originated from Malaysia and now initiating strategies to enter in other south Asian countries for expanding their market. Background There are several issues being identified with the international business of xxx.It includes management of the human resources and selection of the effective entry modes. Theories for the international business such as theory of absolute advantage, theories of comparative advantage and product life cycle theory will be used to determine the effectiveness of the international business policies of xxx (Huxham and Vangen 2013). However, there are several assumptions being made in the report in order to identify the issues. It is being assumed that the home and the host country for xxx are having equal level of economy and per capita income. It is also being assumed that same and similar products will be marketed by xxx in all regions. It is also being assumed that the countries that are being used in the theories will be considered as the organizations here in this report. Findings According to (Sitkin and Bowen 2013), international business poses various challenges for the organizations. This is due to the reason that in the international business, organizations are going to operate in different countries. This causes problem in their management due to the reason that they have to adhere with various legislations and regulations of different countries. Legislations in different countries are variable and not similar to one another. Thus, it becomes difficult for the organizations to adhere with all the varied legislations. According to (Hill, Cronk and Wickramasekera 2013), the key issue for the business organizations in the international business is the management of the human resources. This is due to the reason that, the organizational culture in the home and host countries will be different and effective management between these two is quite difficult for the organizations. The organizational culture and practices being followed in the home country may not be acceptable in the host country. Thus, organizations have to adhere with the cultures and social aspects of the respective countries According to (Uner et al. 2013),import and export barriers are also being present for the organizations in the international business. He stated that, the tariffs rate varies between the countries and in few cases, the tariff are much higher which cause increase in the cost of production or the cost of the products. It negatively affects the organizations being in the international trade. The effective practices for the international business by the organizations depend on the situation of the countries for entry. Countries having higher political and economical risk should have the strategy of having the merchandise in the host countries. It will help the organizations in minimizing the associated risk by having less amount of investment incurred in the host countries. Joint venture is applicable in the countries where the political and economical factors are stable and the relations between the home and host countries are favorable. Having subsidiaries by acquiring the local organi zations will also help to penetrate the host market more effectively and with lessamount of investment. Process of choosing entry mode Organizations opting for the international business should implement a particular entry mode strategy. Entry mode strategy refers to the various options for choosing to enter in to the global market. It varies from direct exporting the goods in the foreign market or setting up manufacturing facilities in the host countries. According to the situation of the targeted market and the objectives of the organizations, it is being determined that which strategies should be effective and selected. Selecting an entry mode is based on the two factors, internal and external. Internal factors refer to the business objectives and financial condition of the organizations. On the other hand, external factors refer to the condition of the market to be entered. Internal factors There are two main factors which are being considered in determining the effective entry mode. These two factors are internal and external. Internal factors includethe goals and objectives of the organization (Costinot, Vogel and Wang 2012). In the case of the xxx, the main objective of them is to expand their market in the south Asian regions. Moreover, the products of the organization are also key determinants to determine the entry mode. The fast moving consumer goods is very much price sensitive sector. Thus, direct import from other countries will increase the price of the products. In terms of this aspect, the most effective mode will be having the subsidiary in the host country. It will help to gain and penetrate the newly entered market more effectively. Moreover, the localization in the manufacturing of the items will further help to reduce and regulate the price in the market. Financial strength of the organizations is also an important factor to determine the entry mode in the new market. If the organization is small and not having enough capital to build up another manufacturing facility in other countries, then the direct export or export through merchants will be beneficial (Brouthers 2013). It will help to reach out to the new customers without having incurred much investment. In the case of xxx, they are one of the most leading organizations in Malaysia. They have the capital in having their own manufacturing facility in the new market. However, the cost of distribution and retailing is much more which may become difficult to maintain for them in the initial stage. Experience in the international business is also an important factor for choosing the effective entry mode in the international market. If the organization is having favorable experience in the in the international business, then it will be easy for them to invest more money in the mew market. On the other hand, it will be a risk being taken by the organization if they lack experience in the international business and implementing huge business investment in the host countries (Kaplan and Mikes 2012). In the case of xxx, they lack experience in the international business and it is their first venture in entering in global market. Thus, it will be a risk for them to have another manufacturing facility in the host country. External factors External factors such as, market size of the host country is a determinant to choose the effective entry mode. If the market size in the host country is huge, then it will be viable to have a manufacturing facility there. However, if the market is having less potential and smaller size, then investing bigger amount in creating the manufacturing facility there willadversely affect the business in the long term. In the case of xxx, they are targeting the south Asian countries which are one of the most populous regions in the world. Thus, the market will be huge and it will be a profitable venture if they set up manufacturing facility there. It will help them in offering the products in market oriented price. The growth rate of the market to be entered is also an important criterion for choosing the effective market entry mode. If the market of the host country is increasing at a rapid rate and has the potential to grow in the future also, then it is viable to have the manufacturing facilities in the new market. On the other hand, if the market growth is negative or the market is already matured to grow in future, then it is not advised that a manufacturing unit be set up in the host market. In the case of xxx, the chosen market is the south Asian market which constitute of developing economies with having huge market growth potential. With having huge population in these countries, the potential for the future market growth is also positive. Thus, having a manufacturing unit in the host country will be the profitable venture for them. Regulations and legislations of the government in the respective countries is also one of the key determinants of selecting an effective market entry mode. If the regulations in the host country are favorable for setting up manufacturing unit, then it will be profitable to have the facility in the host country (Brouthers 2013). It will further help to gain the incentives being provided by the governments in order to promote foreign investments. In the case of xxx, the government of the south Asian countries is providing various incentives to set up the manufacturing units there. Thus, it will be profitable for them to have their manufacturing unit there. Cost of production is also an important criterion for selecting the effective entry mode. If the cost of production is low in the host country than in the host country, then it is advisable that the manufacturing unit should be set up in the host country (Grunig and Morschett 2012). It will help the organization in reducing their cost of production. In the case of xxx, the labor and other operational cost in the south Asian countries is much lower compared to other countries. Thus, it will be profitable for them if they can set up their manufacturing unit in the host country. In the later stage, the manufacturing unit in the host country can act as the export hub for them. Infrastructure of the host country plays also an important role for the selection of the entry mode. If the infrastructure of the host country is favorable enough for having the manufacturing unit there, then it will be profitable for the organization to have the manufacturing unit there. It will help in enhancing the productivity of the organization if the infrastructure such as, roadways, railways, waterways and electricity is favorable. In the case of xxx, the infrastructure is developing and still they are not enough to offer optimal facility. Thus, it should be taken in to consideration by them before selecting the market entry mode. Forms of exporting Exporting is the simplest way of entering in the international business. Exporting refers to the selling and transporting the products from the manufacturing facilities in the home country to the foreign countries. It does not involve any investment in the host countries. Exporting is being divided in to two types. Direct exporting refers to the concept where the manufacturers maintain a separate department for export. All the associated activities regarding the export are being managed by the manufactures itself. No third parties are being involved in the process of exporting. On the other hand, indirect exporting involves third party vendors such as various export intermediaries and management firms. They possess expertise in the international business. On the behalf of the manufacturers, they look after the export process. The process of export is being outsourced by implementing this concept. Direct exporting Export organization: Various organizations maintains separate department for exporting their products in the international market. In this case, organizations maintain separate department with having separate personnel to look after the export operation.An export manager is being appointed to look after the whole operation. Representatives: Representatives mainly works on the commission basis. They represent the organizations in the foreign countries. They advertise the products to the potential buyers and accordingly the products are being exported. Distributors: Distributors have the responsibility of purchasing the products by importing and then sells it to the domestic customers (Sousa and Novello 2014). The main advantage of distributor over agents is the support of the customer service. Distributors also provide customer support for the products being sold. Retailers: In a few cases, organizations export and sell their products to the retailers in the host country. Afterwards it is the responsibility of the retailers to sell that product to the domestic customers. Direct buyers: In some cases, organizations export their products directly to the consumers in the foreign countries. Majority of these cases are being associated with the governmental transactions and hospitals. In these cases, the consumers directly come in to the contract with the exporting organizations regarding the purchase of the products. Accordingly, the products are being exported to the respective customers. Indirect exporting Trading companies: Various trading organizations are operating in the international market which is responsible for the trading of the exported goods to the foreign countries. They purchase products from various organizations around the world and sell it to the domestic retailers in different countries. Re-marketers: Various organizations are there which are outsourcing their manufacturing process to any third party vendors in different countries. In this case, the third country vendors manufacturers the products and export it to the remarketers. Afterwards, the items are being sold in the domestic market as branded products of the re-marketers. Types of intermediaries Government trading organizations: These organizations are being owned by the governments and in few countries they are the only ones who are entitled to sell the imported items in the domestic market. Thus, the exporting organizations have to go through these organizations in order to sell their products in the foreign countries. Export broker: Export brokers helps in engaging the buyers and sellers for the particular product in the international market. They are being contacted by the potential importers and exporters for the transactions which are being further initiated by them. Management firm: Management firm look after the export process of the organizations. They work on the contract basis. It is their responsibility to effectively manage the export process of the organizations (Madsen, Moen and Hammervold 2012). Indentified issues for xxx in international business Xxx is operating in the sector of fast moving consumer goods. Majority of the products are having close substitutes in the host market. Thus, the existing product portfolio of xxx may not be as effective as it is in the home market. According to the theory of absolute advantage, it should be first considered that whether xxx is having absolute advantage over its competitorsor not. According to this theory, xxx should have less cost of production than the competitors in order to market and sell their products in the host country. Another key issue being identified is the selection of the entry mode in the new markets. From the above discussed forms of entry modes, it is been seen that the south Asian countries is having huge potential and moderate infrastructure which will be positive aspects for having the manufacturing facility. However, xxx is not having much financial force to set the distribution network in the new markets. Xxx is also facing issue in managing the human resource in the home and host countries. This is due to the reason that the organizational culture that is being followed in xxx is being designed keeping in mind of the Malaysian culture (Alvesson and Sveningsson 2015). Thus, it may not be accepted in the south Asian countries where it is making entry. This issue is related to the cross cultural conflict. Forceful implementation of the existing organizational culture in the host country will create gap in the human resource management in the organization (Brewster et al. 2016). Another issue being identified with xxx is the lack of experience in the international business. This is their first attempt in making way in the international business. Thus, it will be a challenge for them to gain the market share in the host country with having several experienced and established competitors. They will face the risk regarding the probability of success of their products in the host market. The choice of products may not get matched with the taste and preference pattern of the customers in the host country. One of the key challenges that they are going to face in the international business is the political and diplomatic relation between the host and home countries. Xxx is a Malaysian organization and they are going to enter the market in the south Asian countries. Thus, it is important for them to have identified the relation between its home and host country. If the relation gets adversely affected between the two countries, then the business will have negative implications. Recommendations According to the theory of Adam Smith, one organization will have the absolute advantage over the other, if only it have the more effectiveness and efficiency in producing the similar products than the other. Thus, before making entry in the international business, xxx has to determine the their effectiveness in producing the fast moving consumer goods compared to the competitors present in the host country. It will help them to create their policies regarding the international business accordingly. According to the comparative advantage theory given by David Ricardo, organizations should determine the opportunity cost being associated with the production of the particular product in the country or by importing it. They should implement the policy which will create more comparative advantage. In the case of xxx, they should determine whether it will be more profitable for them to have the manufacturing unit in the host country or exporting it from the home country. As earlier discussed, the cost of manufacturing in the south Asian countries is comparatively lower than other countries. Hence, it can be assumed that the opportunity cost of producing the products in the host country will be more than importing it from the home country. According to the product life cycle theory given by Raymond Vernon, particular product which is being at the end of its life cycle in the home country can be introduced in the host country as a new one. However, in this case it is to be seen that the host country is not having the access of the product from before. In the case of xxx, the products that they are selling in their home country can be introduced in the host country. It will help them to extend the life cycle of the products. Moreover, the cost involved in the development of the new products can also be avoided. In managing the human resources in the international business, xxx should follow the geocentric approach in recruiting and selecting people. According to the geocentric approach, employees are being selected on the basis of the requirement of the skill sets and qualification rather than on the basis of nationality. Thus, the probability of the clash in the cultural aspects between the host and home country employees can be avoided. Conclusion Having analyzed the various aspects of the international business, it can be concluded that there are several options available for the organizations in making the entry in the foreign market. Moreover, the market entry strategies and the choice of the export forms and intermediaries is being dependant on the external and internal environmental factors of the organization. It can be said that the process of selecting the strategies regarding the international business is based on the particular situation being faced by the organizations. Thus, various organizations will have the choice of implementing different strategies to have most optimal way of increasing the productivity from their international business. In this case, the target market being selected by xxx is one of the most rapidly developing regions in the world. In addition, these regions are having huge population which helps the organization in having a large market to tap. Xxx is planning to enter in the market of south Asian regions which are one of the most developing regions in the world. Thus, they are having huge opportunities in the international business. Based on the issues being found from the analysis of the internal and external factors, it can be said that implementing the strategies of joint ventures will be more effective for them. It will not involve huge investment like in setting up manufacturing facilities. On the other hand, it will also helps to avoid the tariff barriers being associated with export and import. Accordingly various recommendations are being given in this report. These recommendations will help the organization in selecting their strategies for entering in the international business more effectively. Following the recommended steps will further help them to enhance the output from the international trade References Alvesson, M. and Sveningsson, S., 2015.Changing organizational culture: Cultural change work in progress. 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